Category Archives: Philosophy

Happiness from First Principles

Putting any theological or heterodox philosophical opposition aside, I am confident in saying; the only process that ‘designed’ the most fundamental biology and physiology of humans, was evolution. That is, all of our hardwired features exist–as if they had been … Continue reading

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Such are the vicissitudes in the pursuit of wisdom

“The majesty of inculcated virtue whenceforth, shall never be sullied by the proud men of action!” expound our forebears with liveliness and intent, “For the dark crevice whence the evil propensities of volition arose, has been everlastingly vanquished, never to … Continue reading

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The New Age Atheist

Religion, for almost the entirety of human history has played a dominant role in society. Whether it is guidance of ethical issues or the instigation of mass wars, religion has always been involved. However, for all the faults of religion … Continue reading

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On balance capitalism is a better system for mankind than communism

Please note that the viewpoints put forward in this article to not necessarily represent my own and are for argument purposes only. In this article I will address the benefits which capitalism brings to a society and why it is … Continue reading

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In Defence of the Cosmological Argument

The cosmological argument is often stereotyped and condensed into two premises and a conclusion: Everything has a cause. There must be a first cause. The first cause is God. This is then rigorously critiqued by the modern atheist to be … Continue reading

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Irrefutable Scepticism? The Agrippan Trilemma

Everyone is, apparently, sceptical in some way shape or form, whether one is sceptical of certain political promises, of the validity of a certain newspaper or of the authenticity of a piece of artwork, it can be said that everyone … Continue reading

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“There is no compelling reason to believe that objective moral facts exist.”

This essay will defend the ethical theory of moral nihilism. Moral nihilism is an ethical theory which expresses the proposition that moral facts do not exist. The only definition necessary is of “objective moral fact”: a moral truth (i.e. “human … Continue reading

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Hume’s Free Will

For over two millennia, philosophers have debated the nature of ‘choice’, and most crucially, asked if it exists at all, with the 18th century British philosopher David Hume referring to it as the ‘most contentious question of metaphysics’. Free will … Continue reading

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Causal Determinism

Of the many types of determinism posited in today’s society, causal determinism is perhaps the most relevant to the scientific, empirical nature of modern life. It is the doctrine that states every event is necessitated by preceding events and the … Continue reading

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The Cause of Sublimity (and its importance in a cheapening world)

The sublime emotion is an artistic phenomenon that has overwhelmed and eluded human comprehension throughout history, and it must be considered a constituent of what it is to be human – the sapphire of human experience. Trying to comprehend the … Continue reading

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Is there room for freewill in a block universe?

Before the question can even be addressed, we have to understand precisely what is a ‘block universe’? Block universe theory takes the view that all points in time are equally “real”, as opposed to the presentist idea that only the … Continue reading

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In response to: ‘The intrinsic probability of an afterlife’ with recourse to Underdetermination

In this essay, I intend to reply to Shane Dunne’s article: ‘The intrinsic probability of an afterlife’ which was so stimulating that I felt the need to continue discussion on the matter. I recommend you read it. The link is … Continue reading

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A brief overview of Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell was a British philosopher who was primarily known for his contributions to humanism and rationalisations of atheism. However, he also made great contributions to mathematics such as the Principia Mathematica, which grounded all mathematic concepts in symbolic logic. … Continue reading

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The intrinsic probability of an afterlife

Throughout human history, individuals, who survived incidences of severe trauma and near death, have experienced other worldly experiences and brought back with them fantastic tales; common experiences include moving through tunnels, seeing bursts of lights, and meeting with deceased people. … Continue reading

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Anti-realism and the Ontological argument.

Both Anselm’s and Descartes’ Ontological arguments, regarding the existence of God, have allegedly been refuted, most notably by Kant and his ‘Critique of Pure Reason’. However, the ontological argument may still have merit if we approach it from an anti-realist … Continue reading

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