Category Archives: History

How significant were British tactics in securing victory in the air in the Battle of Britain?

Britain has always been a country that has relied heavily upon her navy; years of total dominance at sea had taught her that it would be safe from the possible threat of invasion no matter who the opponent was and … Continue reading

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A History of Art

This account of the history of art, specifically visual art, will be patchy and Eurocentric, rather than comprehensive, and vague rather than precise. But I do hope for it to be somewhat insightful.

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Hiroshima: Was It ‘Necessary’?

J. Samuel Walker wrote, on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945, that ‘The fundamental issue that has divided scholars . . . is whether the use of the bomb was necessary to achieve victory in the war … Continue reading

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To what extent did Napoleon’s government during the Consulate bring benefits to France?

Between 1799 and 1804 Napoleon as First Consul instigated a series of sweeping reforms, fundamentally changing the institutions of France. He had a shrewd idea of what was necessary after a decade of Revolution: ‘My policy is to govern men … Continue reading

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‘What did Attlee ever do for us?’ The 1945 Election

At the end of WWII, Britain’s national prestige was back at the level that it had been in 1919. She was a core member of the newly founded international organisations like the United Nations Security Council; she retained her strategic … Continue reading

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Frederick ‘the Great’: A monarch reassessed

Introduction Towards the end of the 18th century, a period largely dominated by war and diplomacy, a new ‘great power’ had surfaced in Europe – Prussia. Between 1740 and 1786 Prussia was ruled by King Frederick II, who went to … Continue reading

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‘What is the most underrated event of the past, and why is it so much more significant than people understand?’

On the night of 25 June 1850 Lord Palmerston asked the House of Commons ‘whether, as the Roman, in days of old […] could say Civis Romanus sum; so also a British subject, in whatever land he may be, shall … Continue reading

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The Great Speaker

‘Great’ is an epithet rarely used in history. When it is, it is commonly attached to figures well known and ingrained in national consciousness: Frederick, Peter, Alfred and Catherine, to name a few. Here, I explore the career of a … Continue reading

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An Enlightening Look at the French Revolution

The impact of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution is hard to quantify. Practically every dimension of this critical phase in the history of European civilisation is shrouded in equivocality; and yet none more so, in my view, than the … Continue reading

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Did life improve in Britain after the introduction of the Welfare State?

Following the outbreak of the Second World War the national government played a more important role in people’s lives, with tasks such as organising rationing helping towards Britain’s war effort. This was welcomed by the public and in December 1942 … Continue reading

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Is History written by the winners?

‘History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.’ Winston Churchill The study of history and our remembrance of the past has become a battleground in recent years, with historians on all sides of the political spectrum … Continue reading

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What was the Main Reason for the Outbreak of WW1

World War I lasted for 4 years between 1914 and 1918. The total number of military and civilian casualties was over 37 million. It seems that the main reason for the start of this war was militarism, though both imperialism … Continue reading

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How far did Rasputin contribute to the fall of the Romanov dynasty in March 1917?

Rasputin was a Starets, a religious elder of the Russian Orthodox Church, who in the eyes of Lynch, a revisionist historian, was a ‘fatal disease’ inflicting damage to the Tsarist regime. When doctors failed to cure Tsarevich Alexei’s haemophilia, Tsarina … Continue reading

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How do you start a revolution?

Revolution: a forcible overthrow of a government of social order, in favour of a new system. Such occurrences are scattered throughout time, bringing rise to such figures as George Washington and Fidel Castro both of whom continue to influence our … Continue reading

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Franco-Prussian War

The Franco Prussian War was a military conflict which primarily took place between France and Prussia, 19th July 1870 to the 10th May 1871, with Prussia being aided by the North German Confederation, as well as numerous south German states. … Continue reading

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